As Midwest temperatures drop below freezing, now is the time to make sure you follow these five best practices for winterizing your sprinkler system. At Ryan Lawn & Tree, we know you’ve invested a lot of time and money into your landscape and lawn. Keeping your sprinkler system installation operating at its best will help you maintain that investment and ensure it is ready to help care for your plants come spring!
We know why we winterize sprinkler systems here in the Midwest. When water freezes, it expands to approximately 9% of its volume and when in a contained space like a plastic pipe, it expands enough to crack and even shatter the PVC pipe. When PVC pipe freezes, it generally freezes in long lengths instead of small sections, making irrigation system repairs very difficult and costly!
The best way to prevent this from happening is to have your lawn irrigation system winterized before the coming winter. Ideally, you would want to have this done by Christmas — earlier if you have exposed piping. The winterizing season is already underway — running from October through the second to the third week of December, with November being the busiest month.
In the Kansas City metropolitan area, we start winterizing lawn sprinkler systems with what we refer to as “above ground systems.” Sprinkler systems in this category can have a primary water supply pipe exiting the house feeding the system and/or an above-ground backflow prevention device. These are the most vulnerable to freeze damage sooner since the parts, generally made of copper and brass, are exposed to the air and have no heat source such as the ground to keep them from freezing during the first few cold snaps of the fall season.
We have discovered over the years that the freezing point of 32° is not really of immediate concern at the beginning of the season, but if the overnight temperatures reach approximately 27 to 28° any supply pipe and backflow devices with water inside under pressure are likely to be damaged from freezing forces.
So if you have a system with above-ground piping and/or backflow valve above ground, it is best to protect these components from early “hard” freezes by shutting off the water to the sprinkler system, running a cycle with the controller, and covering the exposed components with a thick blanket or towels until your contractor can complete the winterizing service.
After many years of servicing lawn sprinkler systems, we are often asked, “Do I need to blow out my irrigation system?”
The answer is yes, but there is an exception.
Some sprinkler systems are installed with intent in the design, so the system can be winterized by merely shutting off the water at the source and opening a few manual drain valves in the yard using a forked key. Along with the manual drains, “auto drain” valves are connected to the lateral piping to facilitate water draining. This is great for those that know they have this type of setup. Most of the time nobody knows for sure so, if you’re not the original homeowner and don’t have a map of where the valve boxes are located, we have a small problem. But there is a solution.
This problem can be solved by blowing out the water with compressed air. A large air compressor is attached to the sprinkler system and the zones are activated, which forces the water out through the sprinkler heads, thus emptying the pipes and preventing freeze damage. This method of winterizing sprinkler systems started in the golf course industry and carried over into the residential market, eliminating the guesswork, uncertainty and frustration that came with searching for valve boxes and worrying if the system was drained thoroughly enough to prevent freeze damage.
To eliminate this guesswork, we often design new installations from the start to be blown out every season. This saves not only water from draining away from the use of “auto” drains but saves on costs on the installation with less material and time to install drains in the appropriate places on the system.
Another factor to consider in modern irrigation systems is the use of water-conserving features such as check valves on the sprinkler heads. These check valves prevent water that remains in the pipes after a watering cycle from draining away, just to have to be replenished on the next cycle. These check valves not only “lock in the water” within the pipes but also the head cases as well, making the heads even more vulnerable to freeze damage.
If your system has water-conserving features, it more than likely contains sprinkler heads with check valves and it is best to have your system blown out every season.
If you are uncertain about your system design, are new to the house, or have had some freeze damage to your system in the past, it is highly recommended to have an irrigation service contractor like the Pros at Ryan Lawn & Tree winterize your sprinkler system every fall season by removing the water with air. For questions about winterizing your sprinkler system, call 855.216.2293 and schedule a consultation. We’ll evaluate your existing system and offer recommendations to keep your system in top shape!