Just like grass, trees and shrubs need to be fertilized. Knowing when and how to properly fertilize your trees and shrubs will help promote healthy growth and longevity. However, if you’re not quite sure how to adequately maintain your leafy companions, have no fear. Below, we have compiled a list of easy-to-follow steps for fertilizing and caring for your trees and shrubs.
It is especially important to fertilize young trees and shrubs, since the growing process requires a steady supply of nutrients. Trees and shrubs will perform much better if they receive all of the nutrients they need to thrive.
Your best bet is to fertilize when plants are dormant, as in the late fall or early spring. Fertilization helps to bring your trees and shrubs out of the winter dormant season, stimulating growth for warming temperatures in the spring.
When it comes to fertilizing trees and shrubs, always avoid anything specifically formulated for lawns. Trees and shrubs do not have the same nutritional needs as lawns. Trees and shrubs specifically need nitrogen, which encourages leaf growth, and phosphorous and potassium, which encourage blooming and promote overall plant health. Choose a fertilizer with phosphorus and potassium levels somewhere between 3 percent and 12 percent and nitrogen content somewhere between 12 percent and 30 percent.
Fertilizer is meant to nourish plants that are already healthy, helping them achieve optimal growth. If you have a tree or shrub that is stressed, fertilizer won’t magically bring it back to life.
When fertilizing trees and shrubs, always apply it to the roots. Because roots extend well beyond trees’ plants and leaves, apply fertilizer beneath the plant well beyond the diameter of the branch spread. This will ensure that the plant is able to absorb the vital nutrients in the fertilizer.
Need help caring for your trees and shrubs? The experienced professionals at Ryan Lawn and Tree Care Services can help you install and maintain beautiful, healthy trees and shrubs to provide a personalized aesthetic touch all year long. Visit our website for a free lawn care estimate today! We offer lawn care services in Springfield, Kansas City, Wichita, Tulsa, and St. Louis, MO.